The State of Uttarakhand is located in northern region of India in the foothills of Himalayas. The small hill state came into existence on 09 November 2000. Carved out of the biggest state of the country Uttar Pradesh, the state consists of the hills of Kumaun and Garhwal. Full of lush green pictureous sceneries, Uttarakhand is heaven for people looking forward to spend some time with themselves or their loved ones. The state has a lot for offer to the tourists’ of Pilgrimage tourism, Adventure tourism, Wildlife tourism, Cultural tourism and Health tourism. From the one to find peace in calm and dark woods, to the one looking for high adrenaline flow adventure, Uttarakhand is a must visit for each and every one.
With the presence of so many holy places in the state, Uttarakhand has earned the name “Devbhoomi” i.e. Land of Gods. Religious places to visit in state are Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath, Kedarnath, which are in combination called as Char Dham. Haridwar as understood from then name is gateway to the gods or place of gods and it’s a must visit place. Hemkund Sahib is an important pilgrimage of the Sikhs and Hindus. Other than these well known holy places Uttarakhand is full of small and ancient temples which are often visited by travelers and are very popular among locals.
Uttarakhand has a total of Six National Parks. Among which Jim Corbett National Park is the biggest and the oldest. Established in 1936 and spread over an area of App. 520 square kilometers is named after renowned english era brave heart hunter turned conservationist Jim Corbett. The wildlife animals found in the National Park are tiger, elephant, cheetal, smabar, Nilgai, King Cobra, Wild Boar, Flying fox and almost 600 species of birds. Jim Corbett National Park receives thousands of visitors every year. Nanda Devi National Park, Govind National Park, Valley of Flowers, Rajaji National Park and Gangotri National Park are also tourist attractions. Valley of Flowers is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Uttarakhand is an adventure lover’s paradise. The state is a big playground for adventure sports like Mountaineering, Trekking, Skiing, Rafting, Hand Gliding and Para Gliding. Adventure sports hot spots vary from NandaDevi, Pindari, Kafni, Chaukhambha, Bhagirathi and other hill ranges for mountaineering and trekking; Auli, Munsyari, Ranikhet and Mussoorie for Ice Skating and skiing; Pithoragarh, Jolly Grant, Dharchula and Pauri for Hand and Para Gliding; to all the lakes and rivers for Water Sports.
Uttarakhand state is full of beautiful natural sites. Nainital, Almora, Ranikhet, Bageshwar, Pithoragarh, Munsyari, Mussooorie and Lansdowne are the nature’s beautiful gift to mankind. The greenery and calmness of these places enriches the inner soul of visitors. People looking for solitude and peace keep on visiting these places from all over the world.
Overall Uttarakhand provides a complete holiday package of rejuvenation to the visitors. Whatever, the purpose of holiday Uttarakhand has a place for it. It’s rich and vibrant hill culture in mix with the honesty and innocence of it’s people is an open invitation to everyone to come and visit Uttarakhand.
Beautiful hills occupied completely by the buildings still look comfortable, because they know that buildings will go in the future and they will be free again
The Garhwal Himalayas have nurtured civilization from the wee hours of history. It appears to have been a favorite locale for the voluminous mythology of the Puranic period. The traditionai name of Garhwal was Uttarakhand and excavations have revealed that it formed part of the Mauryan Empire. It also finds mention in the 7th-century travelogue of Huen Tsang. However, it is with Adi Shankaracharya that the name of Garhwal will always be lhiked, for the great 8th-century spiritual reformer visited the remote, snow-laden heights of Garhwal, established a math Joshimath) and resorted some of the most sacred shrines, including Badrinath and Kedarnath.
The history of Garhwal as one unified whole began in the 15th century, when king Ajai Pal merged the-52 separate principalities, each with its own garh or fortress. For 300 years, Garhwal remained one kingdom, with its capital at Srinagar (on the left bank of Alaknanda river). Then Pauri and Dehradun were perforce ceded to the Crown as payment for British help, rendered to the Garhwalis during the Gurkha invasion, in the early 19th century.
Dehradun, Haridwar, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarkashi, Chamoli, Pauri Garhwal, Rudraprayag
Evidences of Stone Age settlements have been found in Kumaon, particularly the rock shelter at Lakhu Udyar. The paintings here date back to the Mesolithic period. The early medieval history of Kumaon is the history of the Katyuri dynasty. The Katyuri kings ruled from the seventh to the 11 th century, holding sway at the peak of their powers over large areas of Kumaon, Garhwal, and western Nepal.
The town of Baijnath near Almora was the capital of this dynasty and a center of the arts. Temple building flourished under the Katyuris and the main architectural innovation introduced by them was the replacement of bricks with stone. On a hilltop facing east (opposite Almora), is the temple of Katarmal. This 900-year-old sun temple was built during the declining years of the Katyuri dynasty. The intricately carved doors and panels have been removed to the National Museum in Delhi as a protective measure after the 10th-century idol of the presiding deity was stolen. After an interregnum of a couple of centuries, the Chands of Pithoragarh became the dominant dynasty.
The Chand rulers built the magnificent temple complex at Jageshwar, with its cluster of a hundred and sixty-four temples, over a span of two centuries. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the evocative carvings are complemented by the beautiful deodar forest around it.
Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh, Udham Singh Nagar